Hip

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:

Posterior hip precautions have been routinely prescribed to decrease dislocation rates. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the absence of hip precautions improved early recovery after total hip arthroplasty via the posterolateral approach.

METHODS:

Patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty via the posterolateral approach at 3 centers were enrolled. Patients meeting the selection criteria were randomized to standard hip precautions (SHP) or no hip precautions (NHP) for 6 weeks following surgery. HOOS Jr, Health State visual analog score, and rate of pain scores were recorded preoperatively and in subsequent postoperative visits; dislocation episodes were also noted. Standard statistical analysis was – performed.

RESULTS:

From 2016 to 2017, 159 patients were randomized to SHP and 154 patients were randomized to NHP. Controlling for the center at which the surgery was performed, the only difference in outcome scores between the 2 groups was at 2 weeks; the NHP group had a lower HOOS Jr score when compared to the SHP group (P = .03). There was no difference in outcome scores at any other time points when compared to preoperative assessments. In the SHP group, there were 2 recorded dislocations (1.3%) and 1 in the NHP group (0.7%; P = .62).

CONCLUSION:

In this multicenter, randomized, controlled study, the absence of hip precautions in the postoperative period did not improve subjective outcomes which may be explained by the self-limiting behavior of NHP patients. Furthermore, with the numbers available for the study, there was no difference in the rate of dislocation between the 2 groups

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION:

Traumatic hip dislocations in children and adolescents require prompt concentric reduction. Incomplete reduction with or without retained osteochondral fragments has traditionally been addressed with open reduction. We report on the use of arthroscopy to remove loose bodies and reduce enfolded soft tissues to obtain concentric reduction in the pediatric and adolescent population. Specific note is made of underlying pathology and arthroscopic intervention.

METHODS:

After obtaining Institutional Review Board approval, we performed a retrospective review of patients under the age of 19 who were treated with hip arthroscopy following hip dislocation reduction at a single children’s hospital from 2006 to 2013. Clinic notes, operative reports, radiographic images, and arthroscopic photographs were reviewed.

RESULTS:

Seven patients were identified (aged 8 to 17) who underwent hip arthroscopy after a posterior hip dislocation. Intra-articular bone fragments were found in 6 of 7 patients and 5 of 7 patients had an incongruent hip joint identified by imaging before surgery. The predominant pathology was avulsion of a small bony fragment attached to the posterior capsular labral soft-tissue complex, which became enfolded and blocked reduction (5 of 7 patients). In all cases, the enfolded soft tissue was reduced without soft tissue or bone repair. Additional loose osteochondral fragments were removed, and in 2 cases an avulsed ligamentum teres was debrided. Average follow-up was 10 months. No avascular necrosis or recurrent instability was identified in any case.

CONCLUSIONS:

When incongruent hip joints were arthroscopically evaluated after traumatic dislocation, a consistent pattern of interposition of avulsed posterior bone fragment with attached capsule and labrum was found. Reduction of the capsulolabral complex without repair provided satisfactory short-term outcomes. Arthroscopic treatment of such cases was effective and well tolerated and could lead to considerably less postoperative pain and surgical morbidity than open surgical treatment.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level IV-case series.